The ripening of one Pawpaw cultivar differs between growing regions!!

Also a cold summer can delay the harvest.

 

These Data was compiled from trusted sources like:

Pawpaw - In Search of America's Forgotten Fruit - by Andrew Moore

Neal Peterson

Cliff England

Kentucky State University

Reports from other growers and my own observations

 

 

 

Recommened Cultivars:

 

(Many Cultivars were named, only some were worth it)

 

The 7 Peterson Pawpaws: Rappahannock®, Allegheny®, Susquehanna®, Shenandoah®, Wabash®, Potomac®, Tallahatchie®

 

 

 

The 3 KSU Pawpaws:  KSU-Atwood®, KSU-Benson®, KSU-Chappell®

 

 

Ripining order of Peterson Pawpaws:

Neal Peterson: "Here in the native range of pawpaw is the approximate order of season ripening, from early to late.
There is considerable overlap, as a single pawpaw tree usually ripens fruit over a 2 week period."
 
EARLY
Allegheny
Shenandaoh
 
MIDDLE
Shenandoah
Rappahannock
Tallahatchie
 
LATE
Shenandoah
Wabash
Susquehanna
Potomac
 
"Shenandoah is unusual because it has a four-week period of harvest. Also unusual because many of the clusters are "singles" --- only one fruit instead of multiples. I like that, for easier picking."

 

 

Asimina triloba Cultivars Description
 166-20

A Davis X Prolific - Produces small to average size fruits however very sweet and a pleasingly yellow skin making it easier to determine if nearly ripe. Early ripening; Bred by Jerry Lehman

166-66

A Davis X Prolific - Produces small to average size fruits however very sweet and a pleasingly yellow skin making it easier to determine if nearly ripe. A open pollinated seedling of Davis X Prolific. The pollen parent is likely Davis X Prolific. Due to its location the pollen parent of these seeds is likely another Davis X Prolific cross. Therefore these seeds are likely inbred, but inbreeding depression doesn't seem to be a problem in Asimina triloba, pawpaw. 166-66 is one of the first to drop above average size fruits, green/yellow when ripe, sweet, excellent taste. Bred by Jerry Lehman

250-30

Open pollinated seedling of KY-8-2. Won the biggest pawpaw contest in 2013, 680 gr. (1.5lb) and placed third in the best pawpaw contest 2014. Great flavor, sweet. Bred by Jerry Lehman

250-39

A cross of Sunflower x Sam Norris-15. This cv consistently produces the highest percentage of huge fruit. In addition to many large fruits (10 to 14 oz., 283 to 395 gr.) this tree produced 10 weighing over 1 pound. Mid-season too late. Flavor is good example of why pawpaws are called Indiana Banana.

1st Place winner of the Best Pawpaw tasting Contest at the Ohio pawpaw Festival 2013 and 2017 and winner Biggest Pawpaw Contest 2014. Bred by Jerry Lehman

275-48

A cross of Prolific X Sam Norris-15. Won the Ohio pawpaw Festival’s biggest pawpaw contest in 2011 and 2012. Additionally won second place in the best pawpaw contest in 2013 and 2014 beating out 14 other entries each year. Mid to late season excellent sweet flavor. Bred by Jerry Lehman

275-50

A cross of prolific X Sam Norris-15. Average large size, proven pollinator for 274-48. Bred by Jerry Lehman

275-69

Second place winner in the Best Pawpaw Contest at the 4th International Pawpaw Conference, Frankfort Kentucky, 2016. Bred by Jerry Lehman. Fruits - average size, butter smooth flesh, sweet, top of the line pawpaw flavor, light yellow skin when ripe making it easier to determine stage of ripeness when picking fruit.

400-50

A hybrid of A. triloba x A. incarna bred by Lester Davis, Columbus GA. Open pollinated. Large flowers opening tubular, light green changing to purple and to red, up to 4 cm. Small fruit, inedible. Beautiful landscape small tree. Zone 5.

Allegheny®

A Neal Peterson selection that is smaller than others, with fruits typically less than eight ounces. „Flavor sweet, rich, a hint of citrus,“ Peterson reports.
„Texture medium firm, smooth. Flesh color yellow.“ Fruit size is reported to benefit from thinning. Percent seed by weight is about 8 percent. Fruit size approximately 125 g/fruit at KSU. A precocious, productive tree. This fruit is a favorite of many consumers. The skin stays purely green at ripeness. Customer pressure has persuaded Neal to introduce this one, even though it is smaller and seedier than he normally accept. Appears to be the earliest ripening of the Peterson Pawpaw varieties.

ARK-21

„It is just like a banana,“ says Jerry Dedon. „It is so sweet and so mild. And it’s nothing but a seedling that LSU got from Petit Jean Mountain, Arkansas. Grew wild in the woods.“ Dedon says it was his favorite variety growing at LSU’s Regional Variety Trials. Also a favorite of LSU’s Charles Johnson.

Benny's Favorite (275-56)

A cross of prolific X Sam Norris-15. Average large size, true pawpaw flavor has won awards in the OHIO Pawpaw Contest.

Caspian Pawpaw

Discovered in northwester Missouri by Tyler Halvin and named after his youngest son. The Tree is extremely productive yielding large 8 to 18-ounce fruits. There is very few seed for the massive size fruits. Taste is sweet and fruity smooth textured with no bitter aftertaste. This selection from Pawpaws norther native range Ideal for shorter growing seasons. Early ripening.

Convis

Selected from Corwin Davis orchard. Large fruit., yellow flesh; ripens 1st week of October in MI.

Davis

A Corwin Davis selection, found growing in the wild in 1959. KSU reports „medium sized fruit, up to five inches long, green skin, yellow flesh, large seed, ripens first week of Oktober in Michigan.“ Derek Morris says, „Good quality, medium to large, light-yellow-fleshed fruits that keep fairly well but fruits are not as large as Overleese or Sunflower. Not much yellowing on skin.“

Freestone Variety Pawpaws:

 


Marshmallow, honey dew, and cantaloupe freestone-varieties of pawpaw-trees came from a historical-property in Kentucky that has three very old trees. The fruits are tasty, well-formed, blunt-ended, blemish-free, and quite large (250g - 300g on average). The flavors are tropical melon-like with a trace of banana and the flesh-texture ranges from somewhat chiffon to firm. The seeds are easily removed because they do not have a seed-sack. The fruits ripen in the mid-season and the pulp freezes exceptionally well. Freestone fruits were used successfully in the pawpaw creme-brule’ recipe served at Boone Tavern in Berea, KY.

Marshmallow Pawpaw

Fruit has a tropical melon-like flavor and it is the sweetest of the three freestones. As the name suggests, the flesh-texture can be more chiffon than the others with the fruits average about 250g on the parent tree.

Honey Dew

As the name suggests, honey dew pawpaw fruits can taste similar to a honeydew melon. They average 275g on the parent tree.

Cantaloupe Pawpaw

Has the largest fruits, averaging 300g on the parent tree, and tastes as the name suggests. The tree has been observed with clusters of 3 to 4 pawpaw fruits that are over 300g each, falling and splitting into two clean pieces.

Greenriver Belle

Original tree found growing in the wild near the Green River in Hart County, Kentucky, selected by Carol Friedman in 1998 „for large and luscious fruits,“ reports Nolin River Nut Tree Nursery. „I think of it has having a very bright flavor, and I know several locals that this one ist he hands-down favorite,“ says Derek Morris. „Fruits are almost identical to PA-Golden in size and shape though not quite as productive. Unfortunately, not very large-fruited, rather seedy, and fruits do not keep for long before losing quality.“ Ronpowell reports little to no Phyllosticta. „My favorite because of its firmer texture,“ he says. „Some have reported a cinnamon aftertaste.“

Halvin

A selection from the wild by Tyler and Danae Halvin in Iowa. Cliff England reports: „Fruit is eight to fourteen ounces. Great flavor (very sweet, no aftertaste), has a hint of pineapple flavor. Orginal tree was growing as an understory tree and was approximately forty feet tall. Stated to be the largest native pawpaw fruit to be found in southwestern Iowa, not far from Bedford.“ It is 3 weeks earlier than all other pawpaws.

Halvin’s Sidewinder

From Tyler Halvin: "I have a selection called sidewinder that ripens in July. It's an oddity. The fruits aren't big but very early to mature. That patch has since been cleared for road development."

IXL

Hybrid of Overleese and Davis; large fruit, yellow flesh; ripens 2nd week of October in MI.

Jerry's Delight / 250-30

Bred by Jerry Lehman- Open pollinated seedling of KY-8-2. Won the biggest pawpaw contest in 2013, 680 gr. and placed third in the best pawpaw contest 2014. Great flavor and sweet  

Kentucky Champion ™ Is the "Big Daddy" of the Pawpaw Forest. This tree is remarkably resilient. Responds well to grafting. It's a good candidate for climates that are challenged for growing-degree-days (like southern England and northern Europe). The champion tree is the earliest bearing cultivar of all commercially available pawpaw trees. Fruits ripen between 2,483 and 2,845 standard growing degree days. They are large and tasty averaging about 230 grams. The seed-to-pulp ratio is good (about 8.3%). The skin is attractive and durable; it resists dark spots, bruising and other discoloration. The pulp is firm and golden-orange in color with a melon-orange flavor and pleasant lingering aftertaste. It's sweet with a subtle tartness that's been likened to pineapple or raspberry. Woody Walker told me:

"KYC needs another early bearing pawpaw tree for co-pollination.  This has been verified through field trials. The co-pollinator should be as early as NC-1 or earlier.